List of Common Medicinal Herbs

Herb List of Latin & Common Names | Binomial Nomenclature | Scientific Herb Names | Botanical Plant Names | Latin Herb Name Study Guide

148 Herbs List

List of Herbs

BY COMMON NAME

Alfafa – Medicago sativa

Amalaki – Emblica officinalis

American GinsengPanax quinquefolius

Artichoke – Cynara scolymus

Ashwagandha – Withania somnifera

Astragalus – Astragalus membranaceus

Bacopa – Bacopa monniera

Bilberry – Vaccinium myrtillus

Black Cherry – Prunus serotina

Black Cohosh – Actaea racemosa

Black Haw – Viburnum prunifolium

Blessed Thistle – Cnicus benedictus

Blood Root – Sanguinaria canadensis

Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides

Blue Vervain – Verbena hastata

Boneset – Eupatorium perfoliatum

Borage – Borago officinalis

Brittlebush – Encelia farinosa

Buchu – Agathosma betulina

Burdock – Arctium lappa

Butcher’s Broom – Ruscus aculeatus

Butterfly Weed – Asclepias tuberosa

Calendula – Calendula officinalis

Califonia Poppy – Eschscholzia californica

Canadian Goldenrod Solidago canadensis

Cascara Sagrada – Rhamnus purshiana

Catnip – Nepeta cataria

Cayenne – Capsicum annuum

Celandine – Chelidonium majus

Chamomile – Matricaria recutita

Chaparral – Larrea tridentata

Chaste tree – Vitex agnus-castus

Chlorella – Chlorella vulgaris

Cleavers – Galium aparine

Codonopsis – Codonopsis pilosula

Cola – Cola acuminata

Coleus – Coleus forskohlii

Coltsfoot – Tussilago farfara

Comfrey – Symphytum officinale

Corn – Zea mays

Cramp Bark – Viburnum opulus

Damiana – Turnera aphrodisiaca

Dandelion – Taraxacum officinale

Devil’s Claw – Harpagophytum procumbens

Devil’s Club – Oplopanax horridus

Dog Rose – Rosa canina

Dong Quai – Angelica sinensis

Dulse – Palmaria palmata

Echinacea – Echinacea spp.

Elder – Sambucus nigra

Elecampane – Inula helenium

Eleuthero – Eleutherococcus senticosus

Evening Primrose – Oenothera biennis

Eyebright – Euphrasia stricta

False Unicorn – Chamaelirium luteum

Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare

Fenugreek – Trigonella foenum-graecum

Feverfew – Tanacetum parthenium

Fo-Ti – Polygonum multiflorum

Garlic – Allium sativum

Gentian – Gentiana lutea

Ginger – Zingiber officinale

Ginkgo – Ginkgo biloba

Ginseng – Panax ginseng

Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis

Gotu Kola – Centella asiatica

Greater Periwinkle – Vinca major

Grindelia – Grindelia camporum

Guarana – Paullinia cupana

Guggul – Commiphora mukul

Gymnema – Gymnema sylvestre

Hawthorn – Crataegus monogyna

Hibiscus – Hibiscus sabdariffa

Hops – Humulus lupulus

Horehound – Marrubium vulgare

Horse Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum

Horsetail – Equisetum arvense

Hyssop – Hyssopus officinalis

Jamaican Dogwood Piscidia piscipula

Joe Pye – Eupatorium purpureum

Jojoba – Simmondsia chinensis

Kava – Piper methysticum

Kelp – Laminaria digitata

Lavender – Lavandula officinalis

Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis

Licorice – Glycyrrhiza glabra

Linden – Tilia vulgaris

Lobelia – Lobelia inflata

Lomatium – Lomatium dissectum

Maitake – Grifola frondosa

Marshmallow – Althaea officinalis

Meadowsweet – Filipendula ulmaria

Milk Thistle – Silybum marianum

Motherwort – Leonurus cardiaca

MugwortArtemisia vulgaris

Mullein – Verbascum thapsus

Myrrh – Commiphora molmol

Oats – Avena sativa

OcotilloFouquieria splendens

Oregon Grape – Mahonia aquifolium

Osha – Ligusticum porteri

Partridge Berry            Mitchella repens

Passionflower – Passiflora incarnata

Peppermint – Mentha piperita

Pink Lady’s Slipper    Cypripedium acaule

Pipsissewa          Chimaphila umbellata

Poke – Phytolacca americana

Prickly Ash – Zanthoxylum americanum

Purslane – Portulaca oleracea

Pygeum – Prunus africana

Raspberry – Rubus idaeus

Red Clover – Trifolium pratense

Red Root – Ceanothus americanus

Reishi – Ganoderma lucidum

Rosemary – Rosmarinus officinalis

Sage – Salvia officinalis

Sarsaparilla – Smilax ornata

Saw Palmetto – Serenoa repens

Schisandra – Schisandra chinensis

Senna – Cassia senna

Shatavari – Asparagus racemosus

Shepherd’s Purse – Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shiitake – Lentinus edodes

Skullcap – Scutellaria lateriflora

Slippery Elm – Ulmus rubra

Soy Bean – Glycine max

Spearmint – Mentha spicata

Spirulina – Arthrospira platensis

St. John’s Wort – Hypericum perforatum

Stinging Nettle – Urtica gracile

Stone Root – Collinsonia canadensis

Suma – Pfaffia paniculata

Usnea – Usnea barbata

Uva-Ursi – Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Valerian – Valeriana officinalis

Wheat – Triticum aestivum

White Oak – Quercus alba

White Willow – Salix alba

Wild Indigo – Baptisia tinctoria

Wild Lettuce – Lactuca serriola

Wild Yam – Dioscorea villosa

Witch Hazel – Hamamelis virginiana

Wood Betony – Stachys officinalis

Wormwood – Artemisia absinthium

Yarrow – Achillea millefolium

Yellow Dock – Rumex crispus

Yerba Mansa – Anemopsis californica

Yerba Santa – Eriodictyon californicum

List of Herbs

BY LATIN NAME

Achillea millefolium – Yarrow

Actaea racemosa – Black Cohosh

Aesculus hippocastanum – Horse Chestnut

Agathosma betulina – Buchu

Allium sativum – Garlic

Althaea officinalis – Marshmallow

Anemopsis californica – Yerba Mansa

Angelica sinensis – Dong Quai

Arctium lappa – Burdock

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Uva-Ursi

Artemisia absinthium – Wormwood

Artemisia vulgaris – Mugwort

Arthrospira platensis – Spirulina

Asclepias tuberosa – Butterfly Weed

Asparagus racemosus – Shatavari

Astragalus membranaceus – Astragalus

Avena sativa – Oats

Bacopa monniera – Bacopa

Baptisia tinctoria – Wild Indigo

Borago officinalis – Borage

Calendula officinalis – Calendula

Capsella bursa-pastoris – Shepherd’s Purse

Capsicum annuum – Cayenne

Cassia senna – Senna

Caulophyllum thalictroides – Blue Cohosh

Ceanothus americanus – Red Root

Centella asiatica – Gotu Kola

Chamaelirium luteum – False Unicorn

Chelidonium majus – Celandine

Chimaphila umbellata – Pipsissewa

Chlorella vulgaris – Chlorella

Cnicus benedictus – Blessed Thistle

Codonopsis pilosula – Codonopsis

Cola acuminata – Cola

Coleus forskohlii – Coleus

Collinsonia canadensis – Stone Root

Commiphora molmol – Myrrh

Commiphora mukul – Guggul

Crataegus monogyna – Hawthorn

Cynara scolymus – Artichoke

Cypripedium acaule – Pink Lady’s Slipper

Dioscorea villosa – Wild Yam

Echinacea spp. – Echinacea

Eleutherococcus senticosus – Eleuthero

Emblica officinalis – Amalaki

Encelia farinosa – Brittlebush

Equisetum arvense – Horsetail

Eriodictyon californicum – Yerba Santa

Eschscholzia californica – Califonia Poppy

Eupatorium perfoliatum – Boneset

Eupatorium purpureum – Joe Pye

Euphrasia stricta – Eyebright

Filipendula ulmaria – Meadowsweet

Foeniculum vulgare – Fennel

Fouquieria splendens – Ocotillo

Galium aparine – Cleavers

Ganoderma lucidum – Reishi

Gentiana lutea – Gentian

Ginkgo biloba – Ginkgo

Glycine max – Soy Bean

Glycyrrhiza glabra – Licorice

Grifola frondosa – Maitake

Grindelia camporum – Grindelia

Gymnema sylvestre – Gymnema

Hamamelis virginiana – Witch Hazel

Harpagophytum procumbens – Devil’s Claw

Hibiscus sabdariffa – Hibiscus

Humulus lupulus – Hops

Hydrastis canadensis – Goldenseal

Hypericum perforatum – St. John’s Wort

Hyssopus officinalis – Hyssop

Inula helenium – Elecampane

Lactuca serriola – Wild Lettuce

Laminaria digitata – Kelp

Larrea tridentata – Chaparral

Lavandula officinalis – Lavender

Lentinus edodes – Shiitake

Leonurus cardiaca – Motherwort

Ligusticum porteri – Osha

Lobelia inflata – Lobelia

Lomatium dissectum – Lomatium

Mahonia aquifolium – Oregon Grape

Marrubium vulgare – Horehound

Matricaria recutita – Chamomile

Medicago sativa – Alfafa

Melissa officinalis – Lemon Balm

Mentha piperita – Peppermint

Mentha spicata – Spearmint

Mitchella repens – Partridge Berry

Nepeta cataria – Catnip

Oenothera biennis – Evening Primrose

Oplopanax horridus – Devil’s Club

Palmaria palmata – Dulse

Panax ginseng – Ginseng

Panax quinquefolius – American Ginseng

Passiflora incarnata – Passionflower

Paullinia cupana – Guarana

Pfaffia paniculata – Suma

Phytolacca americana – Poke

Piper methysticum – Kava

Piscidia piscipula – Jamaican Dogwood

Polygonum multiflorum – Fo-Ti

Portulaca oleracea – Purslane

Prunus africana – Pygeum

Prunus serotina – Black Cherry

Quercus alba – White Oak

Rhamnus purshiana – Cascara Sagrada

Rosa canina – Dog Rose

Rosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary

Rubus idaeus – Raspberry

Rumex crispus – Yellow Dock

Ruscus aculeatus – Butcher’s Broom

Salix alba – White Willow

Salvia officinalis – Sage

Sambucus nigra – Elder

Sanguinaria canadensis – Blood Root

Schisandra chinensis – Schisandra

Scutellaria lateriflora – Skullcap

Serenoa repens – Saw Palmetto

Silybum marianum – Milk Thistle

Simmondsia chinensis       Jojoba

Smilax ornata – Sarsaparilla

Solidago canadensis – Canadian Goldenrod

Stachys officinalis – Wood Betony

Symphytum officinale – Comfrey

Tanacetum parthenium – Feverfew

Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion

Tilia vulgaris – Linden

Trifolium pratense – Red Clover

Trigonella foenum-graecum – Fenugreek

Triticum aestivum – Wheat

Turnera aphrodisiaca – Damiana

Tussilago farfara – Coltsfoot

Ulmus rubra – Slippery Elm

Urtica gracile – Stinging Nettle

Usnea barbata – Usnea

Vaccinium myrtillus – Bilberry

Valeriana officinalis – Valerian

Verbascum thapsus – Mullein

Verbena hastata – Blue Vervain

Viburnum opulus – Cramp Bark

Viburnum prunifolium – Black Haw

Vinca major – Greater Periwinkle

Vitex agnus-castus – Chaste tree

Withania somnifera – Ashwagandha

Zanthoxylum americanum – Prickly Ash

Zea mays – Corn

Zingiber officinale – Ginger

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Medicago sativa

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